Day 7: Infection Control, Safety, First Aid, & Personal Wellness
Infections are a significant cause of illness, disease and death for residents that reside in certain living situations including nursing facilities. Residents of long-term care facilities are particularly at risk for infection due to the increased severity of illness experienced by residents being cared for in the facilities.
The resident is more at risk because of multiple underlying diseases, medications that reduce resistance to microorganisms, and use of medical devices such as urinary catheters to treat symptoms. Infection control is one of the most important aspects of providing a safe environment for residents. Nurse aides must understand and follow the facility’s infection control policies and procedures.
The goal of infection control is to develop and maintain an environment that minimizes the risk of acquiring or transmitting infectious agents to hospital personnel, patients, and visitors.
It is not always possible for you to know if a patient is infectious or is incubating an infection. Therefore, it is important that you understand how infections occur and follow infection control practices and policies to protect yourself and your patients from infectious agents.
When a microorganism invades the body, Multiplies, & Causes injury or disease.
Infection control measures practice in healthcare facilities to prevent and control the spread of disease
harmful microorganisms capable of causing infection or disease
Chain of Infection:
For an infection to develop, each link of a chain must be connected. Breaking any link of the chain can stop the transmission of infection
CHAIN OF INFECTION
1. Infectious (causative) agent
- Pathogenic microbe responsible for causing an infection
- Source of infectious agent
-Place where microbe can survive & grow or multiply